Less than one month after the U.S. Supreme Court announced it would review the case of a Colorado baker who declined to make a cake for a gay couple’s wedding celebration because of his religious beliefs about marriage, lawyers asked the high court to combine it with a similar case involving a florist from Washington state, The Daily Signal has learned.
On June 26, the Supreme Court announced it would hear the case of Jack Phillips, owner of Masterpiece Cakeshop in Lakewood, Colorado. In 2012, after refusing to bake a cake for a gay couple’s wedding celebration, he was sued by the American Civil Liberties Union and charged with violating the state’s anti-discrimination law.
The second case is about Barronelle Stutzman, owner of Arlene’s Flowers in Richland, Washington.
“The heart of both Jack Phillips and Barronelle Stutzman’s cases is the same—should the government be allowed to force creative professionals to create custom designs that violate their faith, and punish them severely if they don’t?” said Kristen Waggoner, a senior counsel for Alliance Defending Freedom who is representing both cases before the Supreme Court.
“It would make sense for the Supreme Court to look at both of these cases as they determine this crucial issue for the future of freedom in this nation,” Waggoner said.
Although Stutzman’s case similarly pits gay rights against religious rights, it differs in its punitive nature.
Unlike Phillips, Stutzman is being sued personally, and her lawyers say everything she owns is at stake. Taking it up her case would force the court to review the full scope of the punishments people of faith have faced for refusing to serve same-sex couples in this regard.
Stutzman’s case dates to March 2013, when longtime customer Rob Ingersoll requested floral arrangements for his wedding to his same-sex partner. Stutzman declined, citing her Christian faith.
Washington’s attorney general told Stutzman that her decision to decline service to Ingersoll was in direct conflict with a state law that ensures citizens freedom from discrimination, and pursued a lawsuit against her.
Washington’s anti-discrimination measure prohibits places of public accommodation—which officials say includes Arlene’s Flowers—from refusing service to customers on the grounds of race, creed, sexual orientation, and physical disability.
After Washington state Attorney General Bob Ferguson filed a lawsuit against the florist, the American Civil Liberties Union filed another suit on behalf of the couple.
The suits were consolidated into Arlene’s Flowers v. Ferguson.
In February, an appellate court unanimously ruled against Stutzman, stating that in refusing to provide her services for Ingersoll’s wedding, she violated the anti-discrimination law.
Appealing that decision to the Supreme Court is Stutzman’s last chance to reverse that ruling.
The Supreme Court is likely to respond to Alliance Defending Freedom’s request to consolidate the two cases in one of three ways: It could grant Stutzman’s petition and consolidate the case with that of Phillips’ Masterpiece Cakeshop, it could do nothing until the Masterpiece Cakeshop case is decided, or it could deny the petition outright.
If the high court chooses the third option, the petition goes back to the lower courts.
“At that point,” Waggoner said, “they’re coming after her stuff.”
Both Phillips and Stutzman are represented by Alliance Defending Freedom, a Christian legal nonprofit that recently won a high-profile religious liberty case, Trinity Lutheran v. Comer, before the Supreme Court, 7-2.
The high court is likely to announce whether it will accept the petition to consolidate the cases in early fall.