The leaders of Russia and China plan to give the United Nations climate conference the cold shoulder despite being among the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world.

Russia and China, which account for about 35% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have largely backed out of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference in the U.K. where leaders hope to produce an ambitious agreement on fighting climate change. Russian President Vladimir Putin plans to deliver a recorded video message to the summit while Chinese President Xi Jinping opted to give a written statement.


“The disappointment relates to the fact that Russia and—and—and including not only Russia, but China, basically didn’t show up in terms of any commitments to deal with climate change,” President Joe Biden said during a Sunday press conference. “And there’s a reason why people should be disappointed in that. I found it disappointing myself.”

Biden’s remarks followed the G-20 Summit in Rome where the Russian and Chinese delegations were headed by foreign ministers instead of Putin and Xi. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said he spoke with Biden over dinner on Saturday.

Russia and China, meanwhile, have made little strides on climate change policy, instead choosing to work against global commitments by doubling down on fossil fuel production. Russia has boosted natural gas exports, which Europe is reliant on, while China has ramped up domestic coal production to full capacity.

Climate Action Tracker, a group that analyzes global climate commitments, rated Russia’s policies as “critically insufficient” and China’s as “highly insufficient.” China and Russia both failed to outline climate proposals prior to the Climate Change Conference as many other top emitters did, The Guardian reported.

The world must “balance environmental protection and economic development, address climate change, and safeguard people’s livelihood,” Xi said in remarks to the G-20 over the weekend, according to The Guardian.

“Developed countries should also earnestly fulfil their commitments to providing funds for developing countries,” he continued, urging Western leaders to boost climate aid to developing nations.

The authorship of this article has been corrected.

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