The source for some of the so-called Steele dossier’s most specific but debunked allegations of collusion between the Trump campaign and the Russian government has been identified as a Russian public relations executive.
PR executive Olga Galkina, 40, was a “subsource” for Igor Danchenko, a Russian analyst who reported directly to dossier author and former British spy Christopher Steele, a Wall Street Journal investigation found Wednesday, citing a former national security official.
When Galkina began feeding information to Danchenko in mid-2016, she was an employee of Aleksej Gubarev, a Russian tech executive who owns two Cyprus-based web hosting companies, XBT Holdings and Webzilla.
Gubarev is accused in a dossier memo by Steele dated Dec. 13, 2016, of working with Russian hackers to infiltrate Democrats’ computer systems, and of having been recruited by Russian spy services.
Galkina had been fired at Gubarev’s company a month before Steele wrote the memo, according to the Journal, providing a possible motive for her to spread questionable allegations about the company.
Galkina had been hired by the firm as a public relations specialist in November 2015 to help the company produce press releases about the company’s business in the U.S. and Europe. She is listed as a press contact on a Feb. 2, 2016, press release for Servers.com, an affiliate of XBT.
The Journal reported that Galkina’s manager filed a report with police in the Cypriot city of Limassol saying that she drank heavily and was often late for work. One of Galkina’s former colleagues also told The Daily Caller News Foundation in August that she was a heavy drinker and often failed to show up on time to work.
By August 2016, Webzilla was looking to fire Galkina over what her former co-workers have said was erratic behavior.
According to one report in Russian media in February 2017, Galkina sued Gubarev, accusing him of harming her career and reputation by spreading rumors that she was unable to care for her young son.
In addition to the allegations against Gubarev, Steele’s dossier memo asserted that a Russian man, Seva Kaptsugovich, took part in the hacks of Democrats’ computer networks.
Kaptsugovich was likely not involved in the cyberattacks, the McClatchy news agency reported in 2017, saying he had been in prison since 2013 on child pornography charges. Kaptsugovich is from Perm, hometown of Danchenko and Galkina.
A lawyer for Gubarev alleged Wednesday that Galkina fabricated allegations against the tech executive.
“The report that allegations about Alex Gubarev, XBT, and Webzilla originated from a disgruntled and unstable employee is further proof of what has already been proven time and time again–all of the allegations against my clients are a pure fabrication and their inclusion in any report, whether private or public, is a gross dereliction of professional responsibilities,” lawyer Val Gurvits told The Daily Caller News Foundation.
Galkina’s role as a source for the Steele dossier would seem to further undercut the credibility of the salacious document, which BuzzFeed News published on Jan. 10, 2017, 10 days before Trump took office.
The FBI relied heavily on the dossier in its applications for Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act warrants against former Trump campaign aide Carter Page.
Fueling Trump-Russia Narrative
Steele, a former MI6 officer, had declined to tell the FBI the identities of his primary source and subsources, but the FBI identified Danchenko as the likely primary source by January 2017.
During a series of interviews that month, Danchenko described six sub-sources he relied on to collect information that he passed to Steele, according to an FBI memo from those interviews released July 17.
Galkina did not respond to requests for comment.
In his FBI interviews, Danchenko said Galkina was a “close, personal friend” who had served as a “key” source for him for the dossier project.
According to Danchenko, Galkina was a source for three separate allegations that appeared in the dossier, which Steele compiled on behalf of Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign and the Democratic National Committee.
Danchenko said Galkina provided the information that then-Trump lawyer Michael Cohen visited Prague in August 2016 to meet with Kremlin officials to discuss paying off hackers. The allegation fueled speculation for years that the Trump campaign conspired with the Kremlin to influence the election.
Justice Department special counsel Robert Mueller, a former FBI director, debunked the allegation in a report he released in April 2019 that said Cohen never had visited Prague.
Galkina also told Danchenko that Page, the former Trump campaign aide, met secretly in Moscow in July 2017 with Kremlin official Igor Diveykin to discuss the exchange of blackmail material related to Trump and Clinton.
The FBI cited the information in its applications for warrants under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, to surveil the former Trump campaign aide.
Page has vehemently denied meeting Diveykin. The special counsel’s report said investigators found no evidence that Page or any other Trump associates conspired with Russians in 2016.
Quoted in Steele’s Files
The Justice Department’s inspector general blasted the FBI for relying on Steele’s information for its FISA warrant applications. A report from the inspector general said that the FBI failed to verify Steele’s allegations and also had evidence that the former British spy doubted the veracity of some information in his dossier.
Danchenko also told the FBI that Galkina was the source for the dossier claim that Gubarev used his web companies to aid Russian hacks of national Democrats’ computer systems during the 2016 election campaign.
Gubarev sued Steele in the United Kingdom over the claim and filed a lawsuit against BuzzFeed for publishing the dossier just before Trump’s inauguration in January 2017. [Britain’s High Court on Friday dismissed Gubarev’s libel claim, The Associated Press reported.]
BuzzFeed has not reported on the developments regarding Steele, Danchenko, or other dossier sources.
Danchenko told investigators that he had known Galkina since they were teenagers growing up in Perm, a city of around 1 million in southern Russia. He said she provided him information on “major Russian firms; Russian state entities, including the Kremlin,” that he also shared with Steele’s firm, Orbis Business Intelligence.
Danchenko had worked as an analyst for the Brookings Institution, a liberal think tank based in Washington, through 2010.
Danchenko said Galkina “was one of the key sources for the ‘Trump dossier’” and that she was “directly quoted” in some passages in the document. He also said he trusted Galkina “100%,” according to the FBI memo.
The IG report suggests that FBI investigators interviewed Galkina.
A footnote from the inspector general’s report said that a dossier subsource who appears to be Galkina said that information attributed to her in the dossier appeared to be “exaggerated” and that she did not recognize it.
A footnote to that section of the inspector general’s report says that the FBI received information in June 2017 that Danchenko and Galkina had “personal and business ties.”
The subsource also had “voiced strong support for candidate Clinton in the 2016 U.S. elections,” according to the footnote.
Out of Hiding
The IG report indicates that the FBI had Section 702 coverage on Galkina, which would have allowed the agency to surveil her communications.
The inspector general said that the FBI received evidence in January 2017 that the allegation about Cohen may have been planted by Russian intelligence operatives. The report said Russian intelligence may have planted disinformation about a Trump sex tape.
The inspector general’s report said that the U.S. intelligence community compiled a report in June 2017 that concluded two Russian intelligence officers knew in July 2016 that Steele was investigating Trump’s ties to Russia.
Danchenko came out of hiding last week in interviews with The Guardian and The New York Times. He defended his work on the dossier and said he stood by the document’s most salacious allegation: that the Kremlin had recorded Trump in a Moscow hotel room with prostitutes.
Danchenko has set up an online fundraiser to help him recoup income he claims he has lost since being identified as Steele’s source.
He posted a tweet referencing Webzilla, the company owned by Gubarev.
Gurvits, the lawyer for Gubarev, responded to Danchenko’s claims in statement to The Daily Caller News Foundation:
It actually boggles the mind that the so called ‘Russian expert’ Igor Danchenko is now trying to portray himself as a victim, when he clearly was a willing participant in the concoction and dissemination of unfettered lies.
Danchenko defended his work on the dossier in a statement to The Wall Street Journal, saying:
I have a longstanding relationship with most of my sources … and have no reason to believe that any of them fabricated information that was given to me. More importantly, I have yet to see anything credible that indicates that the raw intelligence I collected was inaccurate.
Danchenko told The New York Times that he met with three sources in Moscow and St. Petersburg in June 2016 who all brought up the alleged Trump sex tape.
The Daily Caller News Foundation reported in August that Danchenko met with Sergey Abyshev, a deputy in the Russian ministry of energy, and Ivan Vorontsov, editor of a Russian finance magazine.
Danchenko’s attorney did not respond to a request for comment.
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