Today, Aug. 15, marks one year since the Taliban captured Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul, effectively handing the country to the terrorist organization and washing away 20 years of progress in the region. 

As the Taliban approached the city, former Afghan President Ashraf Ghani abandoned his countrymen and days later resurfaced in the United Arab Emirates with his family. The Taliban restored the country’s previous name, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the Associated Press reported

In the days following the Taliban takeover, desperate Afghans would attempt to flee the country on the wheels of American planes–some tragically failing–while others hid in fear of being found. 

A total of 13 U.S. service members, ages 20 to 31, were killed and at least 18 other members were injured in the Hamid Karzai International Airport bombing attack on Aug. 26. The Pentagon later confirmed the attack was carried out by a member of ISIS-K, The New York Times reported

So, what has happened in the 365 days since the botched U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan that left both Americans and our allies behind? 

Afghanistan has quickly become a humanitarian tragedy, first and foremost for the Afghan people. This was entirely predictable, despite the Taliban’s repeated pledges to form an inclusive government that would respect the rights of minorities and women,” Jeff Smith, a research fellow in the Asian Studies Center at The Heritage Foundation, told The Daily Signal. (The Daily Signal is Heritage’s multimedia news organization.) 

“The Taliban, since assuming power, has done no such thing. They almost immediately formed a government that was filled almost exclusively with Taliban loyalists and with members of the dominant Pashtun ethnic community, of which the Taliban derives,” Smith said, adding that the Taliban stripped women of many of their rights they grew accustomed to over the last twenty years.  

Smith also warned that terrorist activities have resumed throughout the country: 

Many of us, myself included, were very concerned that as soon as the Taliban seized power, Afghanistan would again become a safe haven for international terrorist groups, including al Qaeda and the Haqqani network, which is a particularly dangerous and bloodthirsty faction of the Taliban, and one that was responsible for several high-profile attacks on the United States and its personnel in Afghanistan over the past 20 years. 

President Joe Biden announced on Aug. 1 that the U.S. successfully carried out a drone strike and killed al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri. The terrorist, who took over al Qaeda after Osama bin Laden’s death in 2011, was found in Kabul with his immediate family, Biden said during a speech at the White House.  

“In past articles I highlighted how the Haqqani network was the closest Taliban faction to al Qaeda, that the links between these groups were extremely tight,” Smith said, “and that the Haqqani network would probably never abandon al Qaeda or these international terrorist groups, and that the pledges that the Taliban made to never host any international terrorist groups were hollow.” 

A group of bipartisan lawmakers introduced the “Afghan Adjustment Act” last week in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate.   

“Last year, the United States brought about 74,000 Afghans over during the airlift, and they were brought here most often under humanitarian parole – a category that lets them stay for no more than a maximum of two years,” Alex Plitsas, a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, told The Daily Signal. 

“That was a temporary status that people were brought over under for an extraordinary circumstance … these are things that we’ve done after Vietnam, after the Gulf War so this is not precedent setting in that regard,” he said, noting that there is an expectation for Congress to act just like it did in previous wars.  

Plitsas explained how the act would help Afghans who arrived in the U.S. since the Taliban takeover: 

The Afghan Adjustment Act calls for additional security vetting for the folks that are here and provides a pathway to legalization outside of humanitarian parole … .  

It also will make adjustments to the special immigration visa program, because right now that’s averaging at least four years and people can’t afford to stay for that long.  

The act would also “instruct executive departments and agencies to keep up with plans to deal with the other groups of Afghans that we made promises to,” according to Plitsas.  

Rep. Mariannette Miller-Meeks, R-Iowa, who cosponsored the Afghan Adjustment Act, discussed the cost of the Afghanistan withdrawal.

“Not only did it cost 13 young servicemen and women their lives – people who thought they were going home in a couple of days – but, we also lost a very strategic outpost in Bagram Air Base,” Miller-Meeks told The Daily Signal, noting this was a location where the U.S. could conduct counterterrorism operations and keep its eyes on Iran, Russia, and China.

The first term congresswoman and U.S. Air Force veteran also shared what the future holds for the terrorist-run country and for the rest of the world.

“There is still a war on terrorism. Just because we pulled out of Afghanistan doesn’t mean the war ended. It just means we’re no longer in Afghanistan and we don’t have those strategic assets that we need for that region,” Miller-Meeks said. 

“Very much what we feared would happen is one of the reasons that those of us who are military veterans felt that we needed to stay in Afghanistan with the minimal number of military troops that we had there was that so we could prevent Afghanistan again being used a terrorist haven,” she said. 

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