The numbers are in, and the U.S. trade deficit in 2018 was roughly $621 billion, a 10-year high. That number doesn’t mean much by itself, however.
The trade deficit is simply a calculation of how much Americans buy from abroad versus how much they sell.
Each month, the U.S. Census Bureau releases data on the flow of goods and services. Those numbers include things such as the value of cars exported from the BMW plant in Greenville, South Carolina, and the value of airline and hotel purchases made by visitors to America.
That’s not to say that these numbers aren’t important. It’s useful to know how much Americans are buying and selling. But the current growth in the U.S. trade deficit is simply due to Americans buying and selling more.
In fact, the last time America had a significant decrease in its trade deficit was in 2009, during the Great Recession.
Trade deficit numbers also leave out an important piece of the picture; namely, foreign investment. The flow of capital, such as in building a new factory or purchasing government bonds, is entirely left out of the number released Wednesday by the Census Bureau.
America actually has a capital surplus, meaning companies and individuals around the world invest more money in the U.S. than we do abroad. The next investment numbers will be released this summer, but the media probably won’t cover it.
Investment in America by foreign companies is everywhere. Japan’s Toyota, South Korea’s Samsung, the United Kingdom’s HSBC, and the Netherlands’ Philips all create thousands of jobs for Americans.
So, what does all of this really mean for us as Americans?
When individuals have the freedom to buy and sell with the world—free of government intervention—businesses are forced to compete and innovate more, resulting in more choices in the marketplace.
From groceries to smartphone, there are endless options at price points that fit the needs of everyone.
Rather than focusing on the trade deficit, Congress, the Trump administration, and even the media should focus more on the barriers imposed by governments (including the U.S.’) to limit trade freedom, what the real-life effects of those barriers are, and how we can fix them.