PINAL COUNTY, Ariz.—Worms crawled out of a small hole in the front of a carpet shoe that was used by a cartel member likely only weeks before.

Dropping the piece of camouflage fabric the cartels use to make their tracks less visible to Border Patrol, I scanned the small parcel of desert that was covered in at least 50 pairs of the shoes and other items cartel members use to walk through the Sonoran Desert smuggling drugs or people across the southern border into America.

Carpet shoes are used by the cartels to make their footprints less detectable, and they are left behind when they’re worn out. (Photo: Virginia Allen/The Daily Signal)

Pinal County Sheriff’s Lt. Chris Lapre pointed up into the mountains, explaining that the cartels station lookouts on the peaks so they can radio other cartel members on the ground when Border Patrol is in the area. 

Over the course of a three-hour ride-along to visit two primary cartel smuggling routes in the desert, Lapre explained how the cartels operate and why they are experiencing such success under the policies of the Biden administration.  

Pinal County Sheriff’s Lt. Chris Lapre (Photo: Virginia Allen/The Daily Signal)

The Sinaloa Cartel, an international criminal organization, smuggles drugs and people up from Mexico through Pinal County, located between Phoenix and Tucson, about 70 miles from the southern border. After crossing the border, the smugglers make their way through the desert on foot until they reach a designated “load-out point,” an area where the cartel members wait until their transportation arrives to pick them up.  

The cartels are compartmentalized, Lapre said, explaining, “You have your smuggling cell. You have your transportation cell. You have your resupply cell.”  

At 2 p.m. on a Thursday, no cartel members were in sight at the load-out point, but evidence of their prior presence was everywhere. The same large black water jugs, camouflage backpacks, T-shirts, and carpet shoes were spread out over a 20-yard radius.

Lapre said cartel members often change into a nicer shirt before getting into the vehicle picking them up, so they appear more inconspicuous to law enforcement.  

Camouflage clothing is left behind by cartel members, littering the routes they take through the desert after crossing the border. (Photo: Virginia Allen/The Daily Signal)

“Normally, if they are packing, narcotics get loaded [into the car] first, and then the bodies will be sent with a … secondary vehicle,” Lapre said, with the latter being a reference to the migrants. 

Commonly, there are two types of people who make the illegal journey through the desert. The “coyotes” are the full-time employees of the cartels, Lapre explained. Coyotes know the routes and lead groups of illegal aliens into America repeatedly. Those traveling with the coyotes are almost like contract workers for the cartels. They want to come to America but don’t want to encounter Border Patrol—perhaps because they have a criminal record—so they pay the cartels to bring them to America and/or they carry drugs for the cartels across the border.  

Heroin, fentanyl, cocaine, and methamphetamine are the most common drugs smuggled through Pinal County, the sheriff’s lieutenant said.  

“But the numbers we’re seeing are just astronomical,” he said as he switched his truck into four-wheel drive to navigate the dirt road leading back to a cartel smuggling route. “A 60-pound load of fentanyl two years ago would have been unheard of. Now, that’s commonplace.” 

While smuggling drugs is lucrative for the cartels, “right now, there’s more money in bodies than there is in drugs,” the lawman said, explaining that smuggling people is lower risk for the cartels.  

When law enforcement intercepts a vehicle smuggling drugs, the car is confiscated, and the driver is arrested, but when police stop a vehicle smuggling people, there is little law enforcement can do.  

When police pull over human smugglers, the officer will call Border Patrol, but if Border Patrol cannot respond immediately, Lapre says police have to let them go. “I don’t have authority to detain illegal aliens. I have no jurisdiction over immigration enforcement in the state,” he said. 

If the driver does not run from the police, and Border Patrol is too busy to come to the scene, Lapre says, he and his officers can’t do anything but say, “Have a nice trip, guys.”  

“We let more go than we keep,” he said of the human smugglers.  

The relationship between local and state law enforcement and the Border Patrol remains strong, according to Lapre, because police “know that [Border Patrol’s] hands are tied.” 

“They can only do so much to support us,” he said. 

The Biden administration is “not allowing their [Border Patrol] agents to do their job,” he said. “I can guarantee you under Trump’s administration—and I’m not saying one administration is better than the other—what I’m telling you is, the numbers are incredibly different than they are today. Smuggling in the West Desert was almost nonexistent, to the point where we transitioned our anti-smuggling unit out of the West Desert.” 

Under the Trump administration, when Lapre and his officers called Border Patrol, he said, the usual response was, “We’ll be right there.”  

Because of the sheer number of illegal aliens crossing the border under the Biden administration, many agents have been pulled off the border and are instead processing asylum claims.  

In fiscal year 2022, which ended Sept. 30, Customs and Border Protection reported a record 2.3 million land encounters with migrants at the southern border. Just since the start of fiscal year 2023 on Oct. 1, agents have encountered more than 1 million migrants at the border.   

In addition to the migrants that are encountered or apprehended at the border, there are also many “got-aways.”  

“There were well over 1.2 million confirmed illegal immigrants that evaded capture in the last two years,” Chris Cabrera, vice president of the National Border Patrol Council union, said during a congressional hearing in Texas on Wednesday.

Lapre says America “can’t sustain” the current influx of illegal aliens entering the county.  

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