Sen. Ted Cruz grilled the president of the NCAA Wednesday over the nonprofit’s threats to pull out of states that do not allow transgender students to participate in girls sports.

The Texas Republican said during a Senate committee hearing that he is concerned about “just how political the NCAA has gotten” on the question of biological men in women’s sports, quoting an NCAA statement from April in which the organization expressed its support for transgender students and said that it will only host championships in “an environment that is safe, healthy and free of discrimination.”


“That was a not remotely subtle threat for the NCAA to target and boycott any states where legislatures are acting to protect girls sports and women’s sports,” Cruz said. “It used to not be controversial to observe that there are biological differences between boys and girls, and when it comes to athletics, there are, can be significant physical advantages for those who are born biologically male in terms of strength and size.”

Cruz noted that this is why “we have girls sports and boys sports and men’s sports and women’s sports in organized athletics.”

“Why does the NCAA think it is fair to girls or to women competing in sports to expect them to compete against individuals who were born biologically male?” he asked. “And is the NCAA concerned about some of the results we’re seeing, for example, Connecticut high school track where biological males are setting record after record after record and girls track and winning the championships?”

“Is that fair to the girls and to the women who had been competing in the sports?” Cruz asked.

NCAA President Mark Emmert responded that the organization has worked hard to avoid politicizing the issue, noting that about 10 years ago the nonprofit adopted a policy that attempts to “strike the balance between both an inclusive position allowing student athletes to have an opportunity to participate, but also strikes the balance with fairness, much in agreement with what you were just saying, trying to find the fairest playing field for competition.”

The NCAA arrived at the conclusion that transgender student athletes may compete only after they’ve been under the care of a doctor for no less than a year and have lowered their testosterone levels to be the “functional equivalent of a woman,” Emmert said.

Emmert also said that in the case of the Connecticut athletes, he does not think those transgender athletes would have been permitted to compete in NCAA championships.

>>> Watch: “8th Place: A High School Girl’s Life After Transgender Students Join Her Sport”

“We’re also monitoring very closely and indeed working with the [International Olympic Committee] around some of the research you cited so that we can modify as need be our policies recognizing differences on a sport by sport basis,” he said. “The IOC right now has instructed all the sport federations to look at extant research and other research that may need to be done to find out whether or not there can be fair competitions in individual sports because they utilize different muscle mass and strength skills.”

“So we’ve been constantly trying to stay abreast of the science and make sure that we’re striking a balance where we don’t put women athletes at a disadvantage while still trying to provide an inclusive environment,” he said.

Content created by The Daily Caller News Foundation is available without charge to any eligible news publisher that can provide a large audience. For licensing opportunities of this original content, contact

Have an opinion about this article? To sound off, please email and we’ll consider publishing your edited remarks in our regular “We Hear You” feature. Remember to include the URL or headline of the article plus your name and town and/or state.