President Donald Trump says he is working on a plan to address a spike in homelessness in the United States, particularly in several California cities.
During a Fox News Channel interview that aired Monday night, host Tucker Carlson asked the president about homelessness in major urban centers.
“It’s disgraceful. I’m going to [propose something], maybe, and I’m looking at it very seriously,” Trump told Carlson on “Tucker Carlson Tonight.” “We’re doing some other things that you probably noticed.”
The president added: “This is the liberal establishment. This is what I’m fighting. They—I don’t know if they’re afraid of votes. I don’t know if they really believe that this should be taking place.”
The homeless population in Los Angeles is about 60,000, according to numbers released in June by the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority—a 12% increase from last year.
That’s more than one-tenth of the nation’s homeless in a single city.
Nationally, about 553,000 are homeless, according to a December 2018 review by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
In other California cities, from 2017 to 2019 homelessness increased by 17% in San Francisco and 43% in Alameda County, which includes Oakland, The Wall Street Journal reported.
Four of the top 10 largest homeless populations are in California, according to a Forbes analysis of the HUD report.
The entire state of California had about 130,000 homeless in 2018.
“Some of them have mental problems where they don’t even know they’re living that way,” Trump also said during the Fox News interview.
The president commented directly on the nearly 7,000 homeless in Washington, D.C.
“When we have leaders of the world coming in to see the president of the United States and they’re riding down a highway, they can’t be looking at that,” Trump said. “I really believe that it hurts our country.”
“They can’t be looking at scenes like you see in Los Angeles and San Francisco … so we’re looking at it very seriously,” the president said. “We may intercede. We may do something to get that whole thing cleaned up. It’s inappropriate.”
Policy Options Under Review
Homelessness overall has been on the decline by 95,000 since 2007, according to HUD, and the number of homeless military veterans has dropped by 50% since 2010.
“Like many Americans, the president has taken notice of the homelessness crisis, particularly in cities and states where the liberal policies of overregulation, excessive taxation, and poor public service delivery are combining to dramatically increase poverty and public health risks,” White House spokesman Judd Deere told The Daily Signal.
“Last week, the president took action and signed an executive order to confront the regulatory barriers to affordable housing development, a leading cause of homelessness,” Deere said. “President Trump has directed his team to go further and develop a range of policy options for consideration to deal with this tragedy.”
From 2017 to 2018, the homeless population among veterans fell by 5.4%. The number declined by 10% among female veterans.
Homelessness among families with children has fallen by 29% since 2010, and by 2.7% (or 4,000 families) from 2017 to 2018, according to HUD.
A Zillow study found that homelessness rates begin to increase once a city’s average rent reaches 22% of median income; homelessness grows even faster once the average rent surpasses 32% of median income.
In Los Angeles, the average rent paid is 49% of median income. For every 2 percentage points that number increases, an additional 4,227 persons are likely to become homeless.
There shouldn’t be a real federal government role for addressing homelessness, contends Kerry Jackson, a fellow with the Pacific Research Institute’s Center for California Reform.
“I don’t see a federal role at all regarding the homelessness issue, any more than I see a federal role for education and many other places where Washington has become involved,” Jackson told The Daily Signal. “It is a state and local issue, and they already have incentives to do the right thing.”
“If they don’t do the right things, they will lose businesses and they will lose residents, and they will have public health problems that fester,” he said in an email. “Those should … motivate them enough to come up with effective policies.”
Mental illness is assuredly part of the problem, said Joel Griffith, a research fellow in financial regulation at The Heritage Foundation.
“A lot of homelessness comes from cities refusing to involuntarily commit people who are mentally ill,” Griffith told The Daily Signal. “A lot are not seeking proper health care or shelters that are available.”
Homelessness largely stems from problems spurred by local regulations, he added.
“Rent control and density zoning artificially constrains housing supply,” Griffith said. “Well-intentioned laws have unintended consequences. In many ways, governments have caused the affordable housing problem.”
Biggest Homeless Populations
Nationally, almost one-quarter of all homelessness is found in Los Angeles or New York City, according to the HUD report in December, about six months before the increased numbers in Los Angeles released in June.
The HUD report shows these numbers for major cities, in descending order:
New York City: 78,676 homeless in the nation’s largest city.
Los Angeles: a combined homeless population of 49,955 in the city and county, a number that has skyrocketed significantly.
Seattle: 12,112 homeless in the city and surrounding King County, the largest county in Washington state.
San Diego: a combined homeless population of 8,576 in the city and county.
San Jose/Santa Clara: a combined homeless population of 7,254 in the neighboring California cities. Homelessness grew by 42% in San Jose and 31% in Santa Clara over the past two years, according to The Wall Street Journal.
Washington, D.C.: 6,904 homeless.
San Francisco: 6,857 homeless, though the city’s related problems draw much media attention. Still, federal data shows that no city has a greater homeless portion of its population than San Francisco. For every 100,000 residents, 492 are homeless.
In more updated numbers, spanning 2017 to 2019, The Wall Street Journal reported a 17% increase in homeless residents of San Francisco.
The city faces problems of “aggressive panhandling and human waste,” the Pacific Research Institute’s Jackson said.
An institute issue brief on San Francisco homelessness called for the city to better engage law enforcement, reform city housing policy to expedite housing permits and reform zoning laws, and require more accountability over how taxpayer dollars are spent on homelessness.
Phoenix: 6,298 homeless in the Phoenix, Mesa, and Maricopa County region.
Boston: 6,188 homeless in the other East Coast city other than New York to be noted by HUD.
Las Vegas: 6,083 in Las Vegas and Clark County, Nevada.