Illinois raised its age requirement for purchasing tobacco products from 18 to 21 Sunday when new Democratic Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed a bill that the state’s former Republican governor vetoed.

“We’re dealing with an old problem in a new form,” Pritzker said, according to CNN. “And while all our residents have the right to make this choice for themselves, we need to be realistic about what that choice means for our young people.”

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The law raises the legal age for purchasing cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco products but also ends penalties for underage possession, reported Chicago Tribune.

The law scales up Chicago’s model. The city witnessed a 36 percent drop in cigarette and e-cigarette use by 18- to 20-year-olds after raising the purchase age to 21 in 2016, according to a 2017 Chicago Department of Public Health survey cited by the Chicago Tribune.

The law will take effect July 1 and is designed to fight rising teen tobacco use that has been pegged to the popularity of vaping with products like those sold by e-cigarette giant JUUL. The multibillion-dollar company has signaled support for the “Tobacco 21” campaign, reported CNN.

“We know Tobacco 21 policies work. In areas where they are already enacted, smoking rates are falling,” the company said in a statement March 19. “We urge lawmakers in states without these age protections to follow their example, and when and if they do, we will proudly support their efforts.”

Hawaii, California, New Jersey, Oregon, Maine, and Massachusetts have already raised the legal age to 21, reported CNN. Arkansas, Washington, and Virginia will soon follow, and New York is expected to as well after the New York Senate passed a bill on April 1.

More than 3.6 million middle and high school students were current e-cigarette users in 2018, a “dramatic” uptick that ended years of decline in overall youth tobacco use, according to a Food and Drug Administration survey in published in November.

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