Among the world’s 50 most dangerous countries for Christians listed in a new report are China and India, the two most populous countries.

Now in its 27th year, Christian advocacy organization Open Doors’ “World Watch List” is an annual survey of religious liberty conditions for Christians around the world, measuring the degree of freedom a person has to practice their religious beliefs.

In remarks Thursday at The Heritage Foundation, David Curry, the president and CEO of Open Doors USA, cited the rise of authoritarianism and nationalism in India and China as reasons for the unapologetic persecution of Christians. China moved up on the list from No. 43 to No. 27, and India placed at No. 10, cracking the list’s top 10 for the first time.

The Chinese government, Curry explained, has imposed policies on churches that violate their privacy and sanctity. For example, facial recognition technology is required by the state to track church members. Zion church, one of the churches that refused to integrate the technology, was forced to close for not complying with the Chinese government’s standards.

Installing the facial recognition technology reportedly aids the government in identifying certain groups of people that are banned from attending church service, such as educators, civil servants, college students, doctors, medical professionals, or individuals younger than 18.

Since Chinese President Xi Jinping has wielded state power to restrict Christianity, worship for unregistered churches has also become increasingly risky. Curry noted the arrest of Pastor Wang Yi along with around 150 Christians because he wouldn’t allow the Communist Party to change his church’s dogma.

“We believe everyone has the right to choose their own faith,” Curry asserted.

India has also pushed an agenda to aggressively purge Christianity, Curry remarked. Curry said Hindu nationalism has contributed immensely to religious persecution. Non-Hindus are outcasts in their own country. Many are victims of violence, especially Hindus who have converted into Christianity.

Curry urged CEOs of giant American corporations who are natives of these countries to speak out against such tragedies if they want to be part of the international business community.

Helene Fisher, a global gender persecution specialist, also spoke at the briefing and explained that religious persecution can be “gender specific.”

“Gender-specific persecution is an effective means of religious persecution. One of the major issues regarding female Christian persecution is forced marriage,” Fisher said. “Christian women are targeted because they raise children to become Christian.”

Below is the complete list of countries that made Open Doors’ World Watch List:

  1. North Korea
  2. Afghanistan
  3. Somalia
  4. Libya
  5. Pakistan
  6. Sudan
  7. Eritrea
  8. Yemen
  9. Iran
  10. India
  11. Syria
  12. Nigeria
  13. Iraq
  14. Maldives
  15. Saudi Arabia
  16. Egypt
  17. Uzbekistan
  18. Myanmar
  19. Laos
  20. Vietnam
  21. Central African Republic
  22. Algeria
  23. Turkmenistan
  24. Mali
  25. Mauritania
  26. Turkey
  27. China
  28. Ethiopia
  29. Tajikistan
  30. Indonesia
  31. Jordan
  32. Nepal
  33. Bhutan
  34. Kazakhstan
  35. Morocco
  36. Brunei
  37. Tunisia
  38. Qatar
  39. Mexico
  40. Kenya
  41. Russian Federation
  42. Malaysia
  43. Kuwait
  44. Oman
  45. United Arab Emirates
  46. Sri Lanka
  47. Colombia
  48. Bangladesh
  49. Palestinian Territories
  50. Azerbaijan